What The Research Says About Hormones And Surgery For Transgender Youth

Problems Of Transgender People

The aim of this review is to map and describe how transgender, nonbinary, and other gender diverse people have been studied and represented within and across research in the fields of social sciences, humanities, health, sciences, business, http://new.magnitracking.com/index.php/2020/07/07/essay-writer-essay-writing-service/ and education. The term “trans” refers to people who “do not conform to prevailing expectations about gender” (Terminology section, para. 1)1 and includes transgender, transsexual, and other gender diverse people of all ages.

Continuing Issues In Lgbt Health

These include the voices of LGBT people, parents, teachers, mental health and medical providers, detransitioners, and desisters. Emerging science shows that gender identity has a durable biological underpinning that needs to be considered in policy decisions. Our position statement and Clinical Practice Guideline are setting the tone of the debate. As thought leaders on gender incongruence, https://washington.1weareone.com/buy-assignment-here-and-pay-less/ we want to ensure transgender individuals have equal access to medical care and insurance coverage. We also are pushing for additional research into transgender health and treatment options. Gay and lesbian studies paper topics encompass the spectrum of what is referred to in mainstream media as the LGBT community. This stands for the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender community.

The masculine pre-operative Bem scores were neutral post-operatively as feminine sub-scores increased. There was improved satisfaction with genital appearance post-operatively, but satisfaction with relationships fell, although to a non-significant extent. Most other changes were in the expected direction but did not achieve significance. Custom Dissertation Writing Service Transsexuals accepted for phalloplasty have very good psychological health. Tendency to further improvement is the case after phalloplasty. Depression is commoner, however, and quality of relationships declines somewhat, perhaps in consequence. Surgeons might advise partners as well as patients of realistic expectations from such surgery.

At the same time, we’ve confirmed our long-standing support for members of the trans community. Brown is proud to be among the first universities to include medical care for gender reassignment in its student health plan, and that our medical school is a leader in education on care for transgender individuals. Academic freedom and support for the trans community — or any other group—are not mutually exclusive. This research will map and describe how trans people have been represented and studied within and across multiple fields of research. Providing this information online will help to improve stakeholder access to research about gender diverse people and will contribute to increased knowledge democracy for transgender, gender diverse, and Two-Spirit individuals and communities. This study will also increase knowledge in the area of text mining for study identification by providing an example of how semi-automation performs for screening on title and abstract and on full text. High rates of depression and anxiety in children who suffer from transgender mistreatment cannot attribute to the definition of a mental disease either due to the social factors responsible for the detected symptoms of distress.


The results suggest a positive effect of testosterone treatment on sexual function and mood in female-to-male transsexual subjects. While the work in the Netherlands has been critical to the field of transgender youth care, the results are limited for several reasons. Primarily, gender dysphoric youth in the Netherlands may not reflect the ethnic or cultural diversity of transgender youth in the United States and elsewhere around the world. custom college essay writing service In addition, the social context of growing up as a gender dysphoric child in the Netherlands including outcomes related to the use of pubertal blockers and cross sex hormones may be quite different than in other parts of the world. Transgender and gender nonconforming youth are seen in one specific gender identity clinic that is the primary resource for the majority of gender dysphoric children and adolescents in the Netherlands.

As a result of extensive population and variance, there is no shortage of topics or disciplinary approaches to craft a paper within this spectrum. Students who wish to complete a study on gay and lesbian studies may find it difficult to narrow down a topic or to find the necessary academic literature to support related inquiry. Power Papers can help students determine https://grahasejahteramandiri.com/custom-dissertation-writing-service-dissertation-2/ a topic as well as find an approach that is suitable to the student’s area of study, expertise or preference. There are no quantitative assessments of the benefits of phalloplasty in a female transsexual population. The study addresses this question, comparing transsexuals accepted for such surgery with transsexuals after such surgery has been performed.

Transgender Introduction

transgender research paper topics

Brown University Statement

A population of 23 transsexuals accepted for phalloplasty was compared to a population of 40 who had undergone such surgery between six and one hundred and sixty months previously. The General Health Questionnaire , Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90), Bem Sex Role Inventory and Social Role Performance Schedule were employed. Additionally, a questionnaire assessing satisfaction with cosmetic appearance, sexual function, relationship and urinary function was used, along with a semi-structured interview quantifying alcohol, cigarette and drug usage, and current sexual practice. There were significant differences between the populations. The post operative group showed higher depression ratings on the depression subscale of the GHQ.

This working group was charged with summarizing relevant existing research focused on prevalence, natural history, and outcomes of currently recommended clinical practice guidelines, identifying gaps in knowledge, as well as limitations of and barriers to optimal care. In addition, the group focused on current knowledge of biologic factors that influence the development of gender identity. Finally, this summary concludes with recommendations foci for future investigations in this rapidly expanding field. Topics that have received the least attention include several factors linked to the social determinants of health such as ethnicity and culture, housing, income, employment, and space and place. This review highlights the relatively minor attention invested to date in these study topics and underscores the need to assess whether additional research focused in these areas would be beneficial. For example, given the challenges many trans people face in obtaining employment, research centering on poverty and employment in trans communities, including barriers and facilitators to employment, may be called for. These studies could provide insight into these topics beyond their consideration as risk factors in relation to health and/or mental health.

There is no long-term data on this cohort, as minors have never transitioned at such early ages. Topics analyze the risks involved in socially and medically transitioning minors, how these risks have been deemed morally acceptable based on minimal data, and how new controversial ideology about gender is affecting young people, and the culture in general. We seek to discuss these issues based on scientific data and real world observations. Topics include citations from peer-reviewed journals and quotes from gender dysphoria professionals, whenever possible. Since the demographics of young people medically transitioning, and attitudes about gender have changed so rapidly, it is necessary to provide anecdotal examples and personal observations, in some cases, for some subjects.

In this review of trans research, we have opted for a broad trans conceptualization4 that incorporates diverse gender identities and expressions across global contexts. This includes transgender and transsexual people as well as drag queens, butch femmes, Two-Spirit people, hijra, travesti, cross-dressers, and additional nonbinary and gender diverse identities and expressions. Overall movies and films tend to show the world a different or unique perspective. The characters of Crisp, Dil, Isabelle, Therese, Clive, college essay writing companies and Maurice offer a rare look into the life of a homosexual and in the case of Dil, a transgender/transsexual. These people like any other people struggle to conform, to meet the expectations of society, but also lead their own lives and fulfill their gender identity and sexual orientation. We believe that more and better research is needed to help guide advances in the health of the LGBTQ community. We welcome input from faculty, staff and students about the composition of this panel and scope of the discussion.

transgender research paper topics

There is also a blurred line between trans & nonconforming LGB identities. Other factors that may influence gender dysphoria are homophobia, difficulties being a young female, parental influences, psychological issues, culture, & social contagion. A few studies show transgender research paper topics significant improvement in the mental health of youth who undergo early transition. But there are risks & health consequences to medically transitioning as a minor, such as sterility and possible risks to bone density, cognition, sexual function, & cardiac health.

The most common research was cross-sectional, emphasizing information gathered at one point in time. Within the top 10 study topics, cross-sectional research was most common in the areas of mental health; transgender research paper topics gender identity and expression; sexual health, HIV, and STIs; biology and physiology; and therapeutics and surgeries. Cross-sectional research most often involved survey research and clinical measures.

Prevalence Of Gender Non

Additionally, due to the constraints of the current health system and resulting lack of access to adequate and timely care in the United States, there is poor consistency to medical practice models around the country. While significant advances in the last two decades have been made in the understanding of transgender individuals and approach to care, many questions remain unanswered. In June of 2014, a group of Endocrinologists and other medical professionals experienced in the care of transgender individuals convened at the Endocrine Society Annual Meeting to form TransNet. The focus of this manuscript is to summarize the report of the TransNet working group on Gender Nonconforming/Transgender Youth presented at the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development in May of 2015.

Committee Opinion No 512: Health Care For Transgender Individuals. ( . Obstetrics & Gynecology, 118( , 1454

This study examined factors associated with satisfaction or regret following sex reassignment surgery in 232 male-to-female transsexuals operated on between 1994 and 2000 by one surgeon using a consistent technique. Participants, all of whom were at least 1-year postoperative, completed a written questionnaire concerning their experiences and attitudes. Participants reported overwhelmingly that they were happy with their SRS results and that SRS had greatly improved the quality of their lives. None reported outright regret and only a few expressed even occasional regret. Dissatisfaction was most strongly associated with unsatisfactory physical and functional results of surgery. Most indicators of transsexual typology, such as age at surgery, previous marriage or parenthood, and sexual orientation, were not significantly associated with subjective outcomes.

  • However, the positive psychological effects following hormone replacement therapy as a gender affirming treatment have not been adequately researched.
  • Hormonal therapy was an independent factor in greater self-esteem, less severe depression symptoms, and greater “psychological-like” dimensions of QoL.
  • Sixty-seven consecutive individuals agreed to participate.
  • The outcome measures were self-esteem (Social Self-Esteem Inventory), mood , QoL , and global functioning .
  • Hormonal interventions are an often-sought option for transgender individuals seeking to medically transition to an authentic gender.

The results of a recent study show that transgender children aged from three to twelve years who grew up in a supportive environment do not experience greater mental health problems (Olson, Durwood, DeMeules, & McLaughlin, 2016). The findings prove that transgender children who succeeded in social transition and received support from their family are less inclined to endure pay for someone to do my assignment psychopathological consequences of social rejection. Therefore, transgenderism cannot belong to the mental disease category as the abnormalities common for mental disorders are not observed among transgender children. There is some evidence that gender identity is innate & biologically driven. But there is also evidence that environment plays a role for some people.